Health and Social Care

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Influence of Skin Type and Wavelength on Light Wave Reflectance

The intent of the study was to determine the influence of skin type and wavelength on light reflectance for pulse rate detection. PPG sensors detecting changes in blood flow are assessed for effectiveness on dark and light skin tones. Studies have shown that green light lacks precision and accuracy, and may not read at all […]

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Accuracy in Wrist-Worn, Sensor-Based Measurements of Heart Rate and Energy Expenditure in a Diverse Cohort

The ability to measure physical activity through wrist-worn devices provides an opportunity for cardiovascular medicine. However, the accuracy of commercial devices is largely unknown. The aim of this work is to assess the accuracy of seven commercially available wrist-worn devices in estimating hea… This research paper assesses the accuracy of seven commercially available wrist-worn devices, […]

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Use of AI-based tools for healthcare purposes: a survey study from consumers’ perspectives

This study sheds more light on factors affecting perceived risks and proposes some recommendations on how to practically reduce these concerns. The findings of this study provide implications for research and practice in the area of AI-based CDS. Regulatory agencies, in cooperation with healthcare… This paper examines AI-based tools for healthcare from a consumer’s perspective. […]

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Does “AI” stand for augmenting inequality in the era of covid-19 healthcare?

Artificial intelligence can help tackle the covid-19 pandemic, but bias and discrimination in its design and deployment risk exacerbating existing health inequity argue David Leslie and colleagues. Among the most damaging characteristics of the covid-19 pandemic has been its disproportionate effect… A team of medical ethics researchers are arguing that bias and discrimination within AI […]

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The Challenge of AI Bias and Diverse Healthcare Data

The double-edged sword of AI with bias; on the one hand it could treat every patient objectively and reduce bias, and on the other could impact certain patient populations adversely by using non-representative data. This video examines the potential of AI in reducing biases within medical diagnosis, by using AI technologies to understand how diseases […]

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Limiting racial disparities and bias for wearable devices in health science research

Consumer wearables are devices used for tracking activity, sleep, and other health-related outcomes (e.g. Apple Watch, Fitbit, Samsung, Basis, Mio, PulseOn, Who Consumer wearables are devices used for tracking activity, sleep and other health-related outcomes, intended to help people reach their wellness goals. However these wearables are less accurate for people with darker skin tones, […]

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Does “AI” stand for augmenting inequality in the era of covid-19 healthcare?

Artificial intelligence can help tackle the covid-19 pandemic, but bias and discrimination in its design and deployment risk exacerbating existing health inequity argue David Leslie and colleagues Among the most damaging characteristics of the covid-19 pandemic has been its disproportionate effect… A team of medical ethics researchers are arguing that bias and discrimination within AI […]

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The Need for Use of Race Correction in Clinical Algorithms

Medicine and Society from The New England Journal of Medicine — Hidden in Plain Sight — Reconsidering the Use of Race Correction in Clinical Algorithms Physicians still lack consensus on the meaning of race within medical science; there is an ongoing debate as to whether racial and ethnic categories can reflect underlying population genetics, and […]

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