Using algorithms to predict and award grades and exam results

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Flawed Algorithms are Grading Millions of Students Essays

Automated essay grading in the US has been shown to mark down African American students and those from other countries.

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Solving The Problem Of Algorithm Bias In AI-Based Learning

This white paper takes a deeper dive into the data and algorithm used to underestimate the pass rate of students of certain nationalities, looking at how data and modelling can lead to bias.

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Student Predictions & Protections: Algorithm Bias in AI-Based Learning

This short article gives an example of how predictive algorithms can penalise underrepresented groups of people. In this example, students from Guam had their pass rate underestimated versus other nationalities, because of the low number of students in the data set used to build the prediction model, resulting in insufficient accuracy.

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Inbuilt biases and the problem of algorithms

This article details the algorithm used to inform A Level results for students who could not take exams due to the 2020 pandemic. The algorithm took into account the postcode of the student, which meant that students from lower income areas were more likely to have their grade reduced whilst students in high-income areas were […]

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Algorithms can drive inequality. Just look at Britain’s school exam chaos

An outcry over alleged algorithmic bias against pupils from more disadvantaged backgrounds has now left teenagers and experts alike calling for greater scrutiny of the technology.

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Postcode or performance: How the A Level results of 2020 exposed a broken system

Case study explaining algorithm bias inherent in grade prediction for A Level students. Demonstrates the physical impact AI can have, if not scrutinised for bias.

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